Different Kinds of Painting Primer

Different Kinds of Painting Primer


Before beginning any DYI painting project, know your primers, as there are different kinds of painting primer to choose from. Not all primers are created equal, and depending on the wall surface, its condition, and your goals, choosing the right one will provide you with the results you’re looking for.

Why use primers at all? Primers are very effective in covering old paint colors, especially if you’re repainting over darker walls with a lighter color. Without primer, darker colors can literally bleed through the new color, requiring additional coats of paint.

In addition, primer is an excellent method for sealing more porous materials such as new drywall. Primer also creates an excellent base layer that will not only reduce multiple paint coats, but save time and money.

Different kinds of painting primer

Painting primer typically comes in three types: oil-based, latex (acrylic), and shellac. Knowing when to use each kind and their benefits are important steps in any painting project. Oil-based primer contains oil and acrylic-based primers are water-based. Water-based paints make it easier to clean tools and equipment.

Note: For best results using any kind of primer, make sure that surfaces to be painted are smooth and clean, allowing for better coverage and results.

Acrylic or latex primers are best used on surfaces like concrete, brick, and some softer woods like pine and a good quality acrylic or latex primer is an ideal choice for unstained wood. Acrylic primers hold up well and provide a very good base layer for satin paints. However, the downside to acrylic paint is that it is not quite as effective when using to cover deep stains or darker paints. It is most suitable when using to cover a lighter color paint or on a brand-new or raw surface.

Oil-based primers are appropriate when using on rough surfaces such as stucco and on previously stained or painted interior surfaces, such as drywall or wood, and for outdoor or exterior painting. An oil-based primer adheres well to most surfaces and is relatively temperature resistant when it comes to cold or heat. Its durability is recommended for areas of high traffic and home exteriors. However, when using an oil-based primer, be aware that it takes more drying time. Wait at least 24 hours before painting – ambient temperature and humidity will have an influence on drying time.

Shellac primers are commonly used on metal, plastic, and plaster surfaces. This type of primer is effective for interior as well as spot exterior usage and has a reputation for being an excellent stained blocker and sealer. It also has gained status for its ability to seal knots in wood, to block odors (such as caused by smoking), and its ability to adhere to just about any surface.

When it comes to choosing a painting primer, know what to look for. Carefully review manufacturer’s guidelines and instructions for use. Double check coverage and drying time, suitable surfaces for use, and recommended techniques for clean-up afterward. If you are looking for a professional painting company to handle Indianapolis drywall repair or the correct primer, I would recommend All Pro Painting. 

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